One thing that we humans have failed to conquer is ageing. As we age, our body develops different problems that need to be tended from time to time.
Our knee area is something that mostly develops some sort of an issue as we get older. With ageing, you may get joint pain in your knees that harms the structures and may require surgery. Or then again, you might be exceptionally dynamic in sports and have damaged tendons or ligament that may require surgery.
Despite the fact that it's still not a cakewalk, knee surgery isn't the nerve-racking issue that it used to be. Relying upon the sort of knee surgery a person needs, healing process is substantially speedier now and get the patients on their feet and moving again with insignificant pain.
Are you also supposed to undergo knee surgery, if yes then there are a few things you should know beforehand. To begin with, let's discuss about the 3 main types of knee surgery.
- Arthroscopy – This type of surgery is performed for the most part to analyze knee issues or to repair tendons or expel cracked ligament or bone. In some cases, numerous small cuts are made around the knee, to make “passages” where a medical tool known as arthroscope can be embedded to investigate the internal knee area.
This is an outpatient method so you will be up and moving in a short time, but overall healing time is typically 1 to 2 months. You may require a stick or crutches to move around. During the post-operation healing period, restricted movement, icing, and elevation of the leg is important.
- Arthroplasty – This type of surgery is performed to remake the knee from damage that has occurred internally in the knee structures, normally ligament. Metal or plastic artificial replicas are utilized to replace the worn out ligament. This is a major surgical procedure and you might have to spend around 7 to 10 days in the health center.
You will have to do physical therapy to stand / put weight on the knee, and to figure out how to walk with supports, before going back to your home. Around 20 days are required to totally put weight on the artificial joint. This method requires the patient to have a course of physiotherapy to get the knee used to with the new artificial parts. Make sure you visit the best knee surgery specialist to get desired results.
- Knee Replacement – This is certainly the most complex, major, and time-taking sort of knee surgery when it comes to healing period and restriction in physical activities. Generally, the whole knee, or a substantial piece of it, is replaced by artificial parts. It might take as long as a year to totally recover or get full development of the knee / leg. Physiotherapy is recommended by many doctors after this surgery.